23/Apr/2014 - Last News Update: 08:59

Unicef: Tackling diarrhoea and pneumonia saves 2m lives

Category: Health

Published: 8th Jun 2012 06:05:12

Two million of the world's poorest children could be saved by introducing routine vaccination programmes against diarrhoea and pneumonia, says Unicef.

It says focusing on these diseases would narrow the survival gap between the richest and poorest children.

Pneumonia and diarrhoea account for one-third of all global deaths among children under five.

Unicef's report, in advance of a child-survival initiative, calls for better access to vaccines and antibiotics.

Anthony Lake, its executive director, said it was a question of commitment and funding.

"We know what works against pneumonia and diarrhoea - the two illnesses that hit the poorest hardest," he said.

"Scaling up simple interventions could overcome two of the biggest obstacles to increasing child survival and help give every child a fair chance to grow and thrive."

Nearly 90 per cent of deaths from pneumonia and diarrhoea occur in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.

The report says that more than two million children's lives could be saved in the 75 countries with the highest death rate if the poorest children received the same care and treatment as the wealthiest 20% in those countries.

New vaccines against the major causes of pneumonia and diarrhoea are already available.

While most low-income countries have introduced the Haemophilus influenza type b (Hib) vaccine and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines, they urgently need to introduce them into routine immunisation programmes, the report said.

The prevention and treatments for both diseases include increasing vaccine coverage, encouraging breastfeeding, hand-washing with soap and expanding access to safe drinking water and sanitation.

Giving oral rehydration salts to children with diarrhoea and antibiotics to children with bacterial pneumonia are also basic steps to combat the diseases, it says.

Source:
BBC News External Link Show Citation

Latest News

Harvard Citation

BBC News, 2012. Unicef: Tackling diarrhoea and pneumonia saves 2m lives [Online] (Updated 8th Jun 2012)
Available at: http://www.ukwirednews.com/news/1433395/Unicef-Tackling-diarrhoea-and-pneumonia-saves-2m-lives [Accessed 23rd Apr 2014]

News In Other Categories

  • Future of the internet debated at NetMundial in Brazil

    A meeting to determine how the internet should be governed gets underway in Sao Paulo, Brazil later.
  • Led Zeppelin unleash unheard recordings

    Legendary rock group Led Zeppelin have released two previously unheard recordings ahead of the reissue of the band's first three albums in June.
  • Lottery cash for Flintshire World War One memorials website

    A project telling the story behind the names on Flintshire's war memorials has received lottery funding.
  • Man Utd: Sir Alex Ferguson to help select David Moyes's replacement

    Sir Alex Ferguson will play a key role in selecting David Moyes's replacement as Manchester United manager.
  • Eight renewable energy projects approved

    Eight major renewable energy projects, expected to support 8,500 jobs, have been given government approval.
  • Bristol Academy extends reach overseas with first foreign students

    With the doors to its brand new £1million training centre officially open, one of the UK's leading apprentice training providers, Bristol based S&B Automotive Academy, is showcasing its world-class facilities by launching a series of foreign student exchanges for the first time in its 41-year history. To get a flavour of what life is like as an apprentice in the UK, the Academy hosted 16 apprentice engineers and bus drivers from the G9 Automotive College in Hamburg, Germany, as part of a Europe-wide vocational training initiative called the ‘Leonardo Programme’ with support from the European Social Fund. In a reciprocal arrangement, S&B will be sending nine apprentices to Germany during February 2012 so that they can get an appreciation of life in the automotive industry on the Continent. A further three German exchange groups are being planned for next year. Designed to assist the development of vocational skills and training across Europe, including work placements for trainees, the Leonardo Programme has a budget of €1.75bn, which is helping to encourage UK organisations to work with their counterparts abroad. In what is expected to be another challenging year for employers in the UK automotive sector, S&B’s Chief Executive, Jon Winter, claims that the exchange initiative will bring many benefits to the Academy and its apprentices: “In a world of global automotive brands, it’s important for our learners to understand the international context of the industry they have chosen to make their career. This new exchange programme will enable apprentices and Academy staff alike to achieve a better understanding of the challenges and opportunities within the automotive arena in Europe. With the Academy’s influence also extending to the USA and Asia, there’s every possibility that this initiative could move further afield in the future.” Continued Winter: “The need for skilled technicians across the world is on the increase and we actively encourage our apprentices to look at broader horizons during their training. Many of them have already learned the phrase ‘Vorsprung durch Gelehrtheit’, quite simply, ‘Advancement through learning.” In the 2010/11 academic year, S&B doubled the number of successful Apprenticeships over the previous year with some 350 apprentices graduating from the Academy. At the same time, achievement levels reached an all-time high with an overall success rate of 85%. For those learners on the Advanced Apprenticeship three-year programme, success rates were even higher, at over 98%. PHOTO CAPTION: As part of their exchange visit, S&B Automotive Academy arranged for the German apprentices to visit Hampshire bus operator, Bluestar, at its Barton Park depot. The students are pictured with S&B’s Andy West (3rd right) and Steve Prewett, Bluestar’s Area Engineering Manager (2nd right). Ends http://www.sandbaa.com