Widen over-the-counter pill access, says NHS report
Published: 26th Apr 2012 00:53:45
The contraceptive pill should be available at pharmacies without a GP prescription, including to some under-16s, suggests an NHS report.
A pilot scheme found a significant drop in emergency contraception after the launch of over-the-counter pill access.
The project looked at two London areas with high teenage pregnancy rates.
The report also suggests widening the service to include girls as young as 13 - two schemes currently offer this in the Isle of Wight and Manchester.
Since 2008, five pharmacies in Southwark and Lambeth have offered oral contraception without a GP prescription - these boroughs have some of the highest teenage conception rates in Europe, and the highest in London.
The study by NHS South East London judged the scheme a success. Its report also recommended providing the service to girls from the age of 13 as a way of helping to reduce teenage pregnancies.
However, it said: "At this stage there are no plans to extend the scheme to under-16 year olds in Southwark or Lambeth."
The two pilot schemes already offering this service in England have to meet strict guidelines. These include that the girl is able to understand the advice of a health professional, and the likelihood she will start having sex regardless of whether she gets access to contraception.
The report was uncovered by the GP magazine Pulse. Its editor, Richard Hoey, said: "Improving access to the pill is a key component of strategies to reduce teenage pregnancies, but there are obvious sensitivities to widening pharmacy schemes to girls as young as 13.
Without comprehensive research on real outcomes this strategy could well be like pouring petrol on flames”
"Where schemes like this are set up, it's important local GPs are involved, so they can be satisfied pharmacies are devoting the time needed to take a history and provide advice, and girls have a clear line to practices if they need further support."
The study found that around a quarter of the women receiving the pill in the scheme were aged under 19, with the majority aged 20-24. Forty-six per cent of the women who used the scheme had never taken the pill before.
Women using the service said they preferred getting the pill from the pharmacy, rather going to the GP for a prescription, because it was easier, quicker and no appointment was needed.
An anonymous user of the service said: "It is a quick way to get contraception, and it is very private, unlike a clinic where everyone will know what you are going there for."
While one pharmacy saw a significant drop in the use of emergency contraception after the pilot was launched, the report also found that a large proportion of women did not return for a subsequent pill supply- having gone back to emergency contraception. Many said this was because they did not have a regular partner.
'No clear evidence'
Currently it is not known if the service has helped reduce teenage pregnancies as conception data for the last three years is not available.
Dr Peter Saunders, from the Christian Medical Fellowship, is not convinced it will. He said: "There is no clear evidence from this study that it will reduce unplanned pregnancy and abortion and there is a real risk that, by encouraging more risk-taking behaviour, it could fuel the epidemic of sexually transmitted disease.
"Without comprehensive research on real outcomes this strategy could well be like pouring petrol on flames. We should instead be focusing on evidence-based strategies aimed at bring about real behaviour change."
A Department of Health spokesperson said: "Young people should think carefully before they have sex. They should also get good advice about contraception and sexually transmitted infections.
"The health professional must always encourage a young person to talk to their parents or another trusted adult about their sexual health."
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Harvard CitationBBC News, 2012. Widen over-the-counter pill access, says NHS report [Online] (Updated 26th Apr 2012)
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