Derry, Strabane 'highest volume' of stop-and-search
Category: Northern Ireland
Published: 21st Jan 2010 09:14:37
Stop-and-search powers are used more often in the North West than in the rest of NI, the chair of the Derry District Policing Partnership has said.
New Policing Board figures show that police tripled their use of the powers last year.
In 2008/9, the PSNI used the anti-terror legislation almost 10,000 times, compared to 3,234 incidents in 2007/8.
Elisha McLaughlin, from Sinn Fein, said the extent of stop-and-search in the North West was "an abuse of power".
"These statistics for last year show that Derry and Strabane, which are predominantly republican areas, had the highest volume of stop-and-search incidents anywhere in the North.
"This is a cause for concern for our party," she said.
Section 44 of the Terrorism Act, which allows police to act without reasonable suspicion, was last week ruled illegal by the European Court of Human Rights.
A NI Policing Board report has said it must not be seen as an easy alternative to traditional policing methods.
The rise in Section 44 searches in Northern Ireland followed an increase in dissident republican attacks.
The board's Human Rights Report, published on Thursday, said officers should be fully briefed about the extent of the power and how it is to be used.
"The Section 44 authorisation should never be viewed as an easy alternative to the Police and Criminal Evidence (Pace) power; police officers should resist the temptation to resort to Section 44 because he or she need not have reasonable grounds for suspicion," the report stated.
Under Pace, police must have grounds for suspicion to stop-and-search, but under Section 44 of the Terrorism Act, the home secretary can authorise police officers to make random searches in certain circumstances.
Human rights adviser Alyson Kirkpatrick will be reporting back to the board later about the PSNI's use of Section 44, given the European Court's ruling that the right to respect for a private and family life was violated by a case of stop-and-search in London.
"As the exercise of the power is predicated upon a lawful authorisation rather than reasonable suspicion, this is a marked departure from the long-established principle that a person could not have his or her freedom interfered with save where there was reasonable suspicion of a criminal offence," her dossier said.
"The power is intrusive by its very nature and therefore police officers must be particularly mindful that it is exercised in a way that is lawful, proportionate and necessary to pursue a legitimate aim."
It is designed to combat a heightened threat and must only be applied where justified, the National Policing Improvement Agency has said.
Thursday's report said all officers should be reminded that other powers are available and may be appropriate.
"A comprehensive understanding of the legal issues and the effect an exercise of power may have on the community is essential to ensure officers exercise the power in a proportionate manner," it added.
"For example, the Pace power should be used where there is a reasonable suspicion of the commission of an offence."
Chairman of the board's human rights committee, Basil McCrea, said the PSNI had expressed a willingness to engage with the board.
"Whilst recognising the need for the police to have access to stop-and-search powers to assist their role, the public also need assurance that the police are fully accountable in their use of these powers," he said.
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Harvard CitationBBC News, 2010. Derry, Strabane 'highest volume' of stop-and-search [Online] (Updated 21st Jan 2010)
Available at: http://www.ukwirednews.com/news/12278/Derry-Strabane-highest-volume-of-stop-and-search [Accessed 23rd Apr 2014]
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